India: Trip Preparation & Destination Information

About India


The Republic of India in South Asia is the 7th largest country and the 2nd most populated democracy in the world. With its diverse landscape, colorful festivals and unique cuisine, India is one of the world’s most fascinating countries; where cows are considered sacred and have the right of way on crowded streets and where more than 300,000 mosques across the country can be seen in some of the most beautiful architecture in the world. India is also home to the world's highest railway bridge, Chenab Bridge, at 1,178 feet above the Chenab river. 



Capital City: New Delhi

Population: 1.42 Billion (2022 est.)

Currency: Indian Rupee (symbol: ₹; code: INR)

Time Zone: India Standard Time (GMT+5:30)

Emergency Number: 112


Packing List

Speak the Language

Language: The Constitution of India has stipulated the usage of Hindi and English to be the two official languages of communication for the national government.


  • Hello - नमस्ते (Namaste)
  • Goodbye - अलविदा  (Alavida)
  • Thank you - धन्यवाद (Dhanyavaad)
  • Do you speak English? - क्या आप अंग्रेज़ी बोलते हैं  (Kya aap angrezee bolate hain)
  • How are you? - क्या हाल है (Kya haal hai)
  • I’m fine, thank you - मैं ठीक हूं धन्यवाद (Main theek hoon dhanyavaad)
  • What’s your name?आपका क्या नाम है (Aapaka kya naam hai)
  • My name is… - मेरा नाम है.. (mera naam hai..)
  • Where is...कहाँ है.. (kahaan hai..)

                    - The bathroom -बाथरूम. (baatharoom)

                    - An ATM - एटीएम (eteeem)


Google Translate: Download the Google Translate app or click here  


Fun Facts

  • Indira Gandhi was India's first and only female prime minister. She served from 1966-1977 and was re-elected in 1980 before being assassinated in 1984 while still in office.
  • The sari dates back to at least 3000 BCE. Sari wearers often choose the color of their garments based on the occasion. Red is often worn by brides to symbolize fertility and prosperity.
  • It is claimed that the game of chess originated in India some 1,500 years ago. It is said to be based on the 7th-century war game called chaturanga that flourished in northwestern India at the time.
  • The Indian rupee is a closed currency- there are harsh restrictions on bringing the currency in and out of the country. Visitors must arrive with cash and exchange their money at the airport or bank currency booth, or use an ATM to withdraw rupees once in the country.
  • Bollywood is the world's largest producer of films, surpassing Hollywood. On average, Bollywood produces between 1,500-2,000 feature films a year.
  • Indian Railways is one of the top employers on the planet. With a staggering 1.4 million employees, India's state-owned railway network operates a huge, extensive network that extends across the country for hundreds of thousands of miles. Each day roughly 23 million passengers are transported on this extensive network.
  • India is the second-largest market of newspapers in the world- over 100,000 publications and 1300 million readers.
  • Tea had been growing in India for centuries before the British began its commercial cultivation. The first recorded mention of tea in the country dates back to 750 BCE, and it was reportedly also consumed as a vegetable dish, fried in oil with garlic. 
  • White tigers are only found among Indian tigers. White tigers are a type of Bengal tiger created through a variant in pigmentation. They often grow into larger animals than their orange-colored cousins.


Tipping Suggestions: In India, tips, typically referred to as baksheesh, are mostly optional. Tips provide supplemental income, and, while not mandatory, are greatly appreciated. If the local teams have added to the experience, please reward them.

Guides USD $9-13 per person/per day
Drivers USD $7-10 per person/per day
Restaurants  USD 10% of total bill, given directly to the wait staff



Where can I find information on travel safety? Check out the US Department of State's website for the most up-to-date information on safety while traveling.


Is the water safe to drink? Tap water should be avoided by travelers. You should also avoid brushing your teeth with tap water when possible. For drinking water, a water bottle with a filter or purification tablets is recommended.


Do I need a Visa? For Visa information, click here. Make sure your passport is valid for at least six months after you return home and has two or more blank pages. Otherwise, some countries may not let you enter.


What about vaccines? For vaccination information, click here


Do you recommend travel insurance? While not required, we highly recommend all travelers get travel insurance for their trip to protect themselves from the unknown! Check out travel insurance options from our partner, or from a provider of your choice.


How much should I pack? As we will be using shared transfers and spaces throughout our tour we recommend all travelers pack as lightly as possible. Please review our luggage restrictions below.


What does public transportation look like? Buses carry more than 90 percent of public transport in Indian cities. Most Indian cities have no rail transport and rely instead on a combination of buses, minivans, auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, and taxis.


Is Uber or Lyft available? Yes, both companies are available in larger cities, such as Delhi.

Luggage Restrictions

Luggage Restrictions purple
Luggage restrictions purple – mobile – 1

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